Reduce Your Cancer Risk

Reduce Your Cancer Risk

There are no proven ways to prevent cancer, but you can reduce your risk of getting it. Risk factors you can do something about include smoking and being overweight, and there are other things you can do to reduce your risk.

 

Healthy lifestyle

You can reduce your risk of cancer by having a healthy lifestyle. Leading a healthy lifestyle can help lower your risk of developing certain cancers. You can do this by :

  • Eating a healthy balanced diet
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Drinking less alcohol
  • Stopping smoking
  • Protecting your skin from sun damage

 

Eating a healthy balanced diet

Stories about various foods and diets linked to preventing cancer are often in the news. This is because a lot of research is going on into diet and cancer . But it it's easy to study the link between diet and cancer because there are so many different factors involved, and cancer can take years to develop.

No single food or supplement can prevent cancer from developing. Overall, research shows a like between eating certain groups of foods (rather than any specific foods, vitamins or nutrients) and reduction in cancer risk.

Eating a healthy balanced diet may lower your risk of developing cancer. A healthy balanced diet contains:

  • Plenty of fruit and vegetables: try to eat at least five portions a day
  • Plenty of bread, rice, potatoes, pasta and other starchy foods: choose wholegrain foods where possible as these contain more fibre
  • Some meat. fish, eggs, beans and other non-dairy sources of protein
  • Some milk and dairy foods
  • Just a small amount of foods and drinks high in fat or sugars, such as cakes, crisps and biscuits

Eating a healthy balanced diet will help make sure your body gets all the nutrients it needs.

Fibre

Evidence consistently  suggests that eating plenty of fibre can reduce the risk of bowel cancer. Diets high in fibre can help keep your bowel healthy and prevent constipation.

Fibre-rich foods include wholegrain paste, bread, breakfast cereals and rice. Pulses, fruit and vegetables are also good sources of fibre.

Red and processed meat

Meat is a good source of protein, vitamins and minerals, such as iron and zinc. But evidence shows that there is probably a link between eating red and processed meat, and risk of bowel cancer. People who eat a lot of these meats have a higher risk of getting bowel cancer than people who eat small amounts.

Beef, pork and lamp are all red meat. Processed meats include bacon, sausages, salami and ham. If you eat more than 90 grams of red processed meat a day (the equivalent of about three thin-cut slices of roast beef, lamp or pork, where each slice is about the size of half a piece of sliced bread), it is recommended that you cut down to 70 grams.

Beta-carotene supplements

Beta-carotene, often found in antioxidant supplements, has been found to increase the risk of lung cancer developing in smokers and people who have been heavily exposed to asbestos at work. It is possible that taking large amounts of beta-carotene supplements would also increase the risk of cancer in other people.

Maintaining a healthy weight

Being overweight or obese can increase your risk of some cancers, such as:

  • Bowel cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Oesophageal cancer
  • Breast cancer if you are a woman who has been through the menopause
  • Cancer of the womb(uterus)
  • Kidney cancer

Being a healthy weight can reduce your risk of developing cancer. You can find out whether you are a healthy weight by using the MBI healthy weight calculator.

Drinking less alcohol

Drinking alcohol is known to increase your risk of some cancers, including:

  • Mouth cancer
  • Pharynx and larynx cancer
  • Oesophageal cancer
  • Colorectal cancer in men
  • Breast cancer

It is probably a cause of other cancers such as colorectal cancer in women and liver cancer.Women shouldn't regularly drink more than 2-3 units of alcohol a day, and men shouldn't regularly drink more than 3-4 units a day. "Regularly" means every day or most days of the week.

Stopping smoking

Lung cancer is responsible for around a quarter of cancer deaths in the UK, and 90% of lung cancer cases are related to smoking.

"Stopping smoking greatly cuts the risk of developing cancer" says Hazel Numn,Cancer Research UK's health information officer. " The earlier you stop,the greater the impact,. But it's never too late to quit. People who quit smoking at 30 live nearly as long as non-smokers, and those who quit at 5 can still undo half the damage."

Protect your skin from sun damage

We need sunlight on our skin so that our bodies can produce vitamin D, which is essential for healthy bones but taking care in the sun so that you don't get burned is important for preventing skin cancer . Follow Cancer Research UK's SunSmart plan to protect yourself:

  • Spend time in the shade between 11am and 3pm
  • Make sure you never burn.
  • Cover yourself up with a T-shirt, hat and sunglasses
  • Take care not to let children get burned
  • Use sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15.

Keep an eye on any moles of freckles you have. If they change at all(for example, get bigger or being bleeding), see your GP as this can be an early sign of cancer. The earlier skin cancer is caught, the easier it is to treat, so see your GP as soon as possible.

Know your body

 It's important to know your body and recognise any changes, such as lumps or unexplained bleeding, and to get advice about whether they might be serious.

Source

http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/preventing-cancer/Pages/diet-and-cancer.aspx

 

  • Maintaining a healthy weight

  • Drinking less alcohol

  • Stopping smoking

  • Protect your skin from sun damage

Visitors: 46,726